Світлана Поліщук


Preservation and study of dialect vocabulary, that is a source of national language, are the most important tasks of modern dialectology. Agricultural vocabulary as an integral part of every farmer’s vocabulary is valuable material for dialectological researches. The fixation and analysis of the agricultural lexis in the dialects of the Middle Bug area continues to solve the actual problem of modern linguistics.

The purpose of the article is vocabulary-semantic analysis of the lexemes to define names of five fruit trees: cherry, wild cherry, mulberry, apricot and plum, also their fruits and sorts in the Middle Bug area dialects that function at the border of the South-Western and South-Eastern dialects of the Ukrainian language.

Methods. During the research, general scientific methods of analysis, synthesis, observation and descriptive method were applied. Among the special linguistic methods involved questionnaires, interviews and lingvo-geographic methods.

Results and Discussion. The author’s records and notes done in 74 settlements situated in the west of Kirovohrad region, the northwest of Mykolaiv region, the northeast of Odesa region and the southeast of Vinnytsia region during 2013–2015 are the source of the practical material. The numbering of the villages, urban settlements and towns is used in the article. The full names are listed at the end of the work under the title "The list of the examined settlements and their numbering" to represent the areal distribution of the analyzed dialect units. The examined names and the dialect speech examples are represented by means of the common phonetic transcription for recording the Ukrainian literary and dialect speech (the transcription is presented in the first volume of the Atlas of the Ukrainian Language). The names widespread in Middle Bug area dialects are analyzed.

Originality. The article expands the empirical base of Ukrainian dialectology, complements the characterization of the Eastern Podilian dialects of the Podillya dialect of the South-western group and the Western Steppe dialects of the Steppe dialect of the South-eastern group of the Ukrainian language.

The conclusion is that the fixed names are connected with literary equivalents although they differ in phonetics, vocabulary and semantics. The work makes it possible to find out how the general dialect vocabulary functions in some dialect groups and dialects. Prospects for further research are the continuation of the study of the Ukrainian dialects of the Middle Bug on the material of fruit names


lexeme; sememe; fruits; dialect; Middle Bug area; Middle Bug


Abramian, Yu. V. (2011). Dynamika nominatsii tradytsiinoho silskoho vyrobnytstva v ukrainskykh skhidnoslobozhanskykh hovirkakh [Dynamics nominations traditional agricultural production in the Eastern Slobozhan Ukrainian dialects]. Extended abstract of PhD dissertation. Lugansk. 20 (in Ukr.).

Gritsenko, P. E. (1980). Genezis i semanticheskaya struktura sel'skokhozyaystvennoy leksiki ukrainskikh zapadnostepnykh govorov [Genesis and semantic structure of the agricultural lexis of the Western Steppe Ukrainian dialects]. Extended abstract of PhD dissertation. Kiev. 29 (in Russ.).

Daki, O. A. (2014). Botanichna leksyka v ukrainskykh hovirkakh mezhyrichchia Dnistra i Dunaiu [The botanical lexis of the Ukrainian dialects spoken in the area between the Dniester and Danube rivers]. Extended abstract of PhD dissertation. Kyiv. 16 (in Ukr.).

Dzendzelivskyi, Y. O. (1960). Nazvy silskohospodarskykh kultur u hovorakh Zakarpattia [Names of agricultural crops in the Transcarpathia dialects]. Studia Slavica Academie Scientiarum Hungaricae. Budapest : Academiai Kiado. Т. VI. 113–143 (in Ukr.).

Kozachuk, A. A. (1971). Sel'skokhozyaystvennaya leksika govorov Volyni [The agricultural lexis of the Volynian dialects]. Extended abstract of PhD dissertation. Kiev. 19 (in Russ.).

Kosakivskyi, V. A. (2009). Tradytsiini hospodarski zaniattia ukraintsiv Pivdenno-Skhidnoho Podillia (za materialamy mistechka Chechelnyk) [Traditional agricultural practices of Ukrainians from South-Eastern Podillia (on the materials of town Chechelnik)]. Available at : (in Ukr.).

Kushmet, M. S. (2014). Silskohospodarska leksyka ukrainskykh skhidnostepovykh hovirok [The agricultural lexis of the Eastern Steppe Ukrainian dialects]. Extended abstract of PhD dissertation. Donetsk. 20 (in Ukr.).

Serdeha, R. L. (2012). Silskohospodarska leksyka v hovirkakh Tsentralnoi Slobozhanshchyny (Kharkivshchyny) : monohrafiia [The agricultural lexis in the Central Slobozhanshchina dialects (Kharkiv region) : monograph]. Kharkiv : Monohraf (in Ukr.).

Tereshko, L. S. (1954). Ukrainski hovirky Pivdennoho Pobuzhzhia (v mezhakh Kryvoozerskoho raionu Mykolaivskoi oblasti) [Ukrainian dialects of Southern Pobuzhye (within the Kryvyozorsky district of Mykolaiv region)]. Candidate’s thesis. Odesa. Ch. 1–2 (in Ukr.).

Tyshchenko, T. M. (2003). Podilsko-serednonaddniprianske sumizhzhia u svitli izohlos [Podillya and mid-Dnieper junction area in connection with isoglosses]. Extended abstract of PhD dissertation. Kyiv. 19 (in Ukr.).

Tkachuk, M. M. (2011). Botanichna leksyka hovirok Chornobylskoi zony [The botanical lexis of the Chornobyl dialects]. Extended abstract of PhD dissertation. Kyiv. 20 (in Ukr.).

Frukt. Material z Vikipedii [Fruit. From Wikipedia]. Available at : (in Ukr.).


AUM – (1984–2001). Atlas ukrainskoi movy: v 3 t. [Atlas of the Ukrainian Language: 3 Vol. set]. Kyiv : Naukova dumka, T. 1–3 (in Ukr.).

SUM – (1970, 1973, 1978, 1980). Slovnyk ukrainskoi movy: v 11 t. [Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language: 11 Vol. set]. Za red. I. K. Bilodida. Kyiv : Naukova dumka, 1970, 1973, 1978, 1980. T. 1, 4, 9, 11 (in Ukr.)


  • There are currently no refbacks.

2015 20  
2016 21  
2017 22-23  
2018 24-25  
2019 26 27



Journal Content