Галина Кочерга


The article analyzes the linguistic mechanism of the secondary designation of the suffix verbal derivation, and establishes the boundary between semantically derived units in the nominative-derivative processes of the national-language picture of the world. The suffix derivation of the nominal verbs should be considered not only within semantics, but also in the onomasiological aspect of the language and its links with the structure of consciousness: thinking, mental functions, internalization of reality and the sensation of the world, as well as in the mechanism of reflection of referents in mentality and their designation in language system. Nominative processes determine the mechanism of interaction of reality, thinking and language, inherent in a certain ethnic group, which determines the Introduction. The purpose of the article is to analyze the patterns of formation, development of the suffixal wordformation of nominal verbs in the old-Ukrainian literary language of the 14th–17th centuries, according to the structural-semantic types. The result of the study. The most productive word-forming formant, with the help of which the indispensable verbs were formed in the Old-Ukrainian (Russian) language of the 14th-17th centuries, was a suffix -и-, which corresponds to the ancient Proto-Slavic foundations on *-i-. In the Proto-Slavic language, for the creation of new verbs, the suffix *-i- could be combined with different basics of nouns, adjectives, adverbs. The suffix -и- is represented by a large number of semantic subtypes and semantically isolated verb formants. Verbs with suffix -и- are motivated by nouns of different semantics. The Old Ukrainian verbal system inherited from the Proto-Slavonic era all typological characteristics of the nominal suffix word-formation. However, there was a historical redistribution of word-formation formants by the degree of their productivity. The subtransient verbal word-formation using the suffix -иwas one of the main ways to replenish the linguistic segment. Originality. The verb suffix -и- in the language of the XIV–XVII centuries. had the most ambiguity, a wide range of semantic shades of tumors and the stability of the models. It was one of the main ways to replenish the verb vocabulary of the period, actively functioned during the period under study and proceeded to the next stage of the language formation. Conclusions. The most numerous in the period of study were the nominal verbs with the suffix -и-. Based on the word-formation meanings, the following subtypes were formed: transgressive, locative, finite, commitat, mediator and insignificant number of verbs of elements and partonyms


the nominal verbs; a motivation; a word-building type; a suffix word formation; a derivatology; a language sign.


Potebnia, O. O. (1930) Z lekciy teoriyi slovesnosti: Baika, pryslivya, prypovidka [From the lectures of

the theory of literature]. Kharkiv : DVU, 110 (in Ukr.).

Potebnya, A. A. (1913) Mysl i yazyk [A thought and a Language]. Kharkiv, 221 (in Russ.).

Potebnya, A. A. (1888) Iz zapisok po russkoy grammatike [From the notes on the Russian Grammar].

Kharkiv, 197 (in Russ.).

Potebnya, A. A. (1958) Iz zapisok po russkoy grammatike [From the notes on the Russian Grammar]. 1-

Moskva, 250 (in Russ.).

Melnychuk, O. S. (1986) Aspekty metodologiyi lingvistychnyh doslidzhen [The methodology aspects

of the linguistic researches]. The Linguistics (1), 7–13 (in Ukr.).

Doroszewski, W. (1958) Struktura a znaczenie wyrazów. Referaty Sesji naukowej Zakladu

Językoznawstwa PAN [Structure and the meaning of words. Reports of the Scientific Session of the Linguistics

Department of the Polish Academy of Sciences], Varshava, 327 (in Pol.).

Kovalyk, I. (1961) Vchennya pro slovotvir [A study on the word formation] (2), Lviv, 78 (in Ukr.).

Klemensiewicz, Z., Lehr-Splawiński, T., Urbańczyk, S. (1935) Gramatyka historyczna języka polskiego

[Historical grammar of the Polish language]/ Varshava, 205 (in Pol.).

Slovotvir suchasnoyi ukrayinskoyi movy (1979) [A word formation of the modern Ukrainian language]

Kyiv : Naukova Dumka, 406 (in Ukr.).

Hohlachyeva, V. N. (1963) K istorii otglagolnogo slovoobrazovaniya sushchestvitelnyh v russkom

literaturnom yazyke novogo vremeni [To the history of the verbal word formation of the nouns in the Russian

literature language of the modern time] Moskva : Nauka, 152 (in Russ.).

Dokulil, M. (1963) Ke koncepcii porovnavaci charakteristiky slovanskych jazykи v oblast «tvoreni

slov» [The concept of comparing the characteristics of Slavic linguistics in the area of «word formation»] Slovo a

slovesnost (24), 175 (in Slov.).

Shirokovaya, A. G., Grabie, Vl. (1983) Sopostavitelnoe izuchenie grammatiki i leksiki russkogo yazyka

s cheshskim yazykom I drugimi slavyanskimi yazykami [Comparative study of grammar and vocabulary of the

Russian language with the Czech language and other Slavic languages]. The publishing house of the Moscow

University, 312 (in Russ.).

Melnychuk, O. S. (1987) Metodologichni problemy analizu spivvidnoshen idealnogo I materialnogo v

sferi movy [The methodological problems of the analysis of the relations of ideal and material in the field of

language]. The Linguistics (1), 8–15 (in Ukr.).

Kubryakova, E. S. (1981) Tipy yazykovyh znacheniy: Semantika proizvodnogo slova [Types of

language meanings: Semantics of the derived word]. Moskva : Nauka, 230 (in Russ.).

Dokulil, M. (1963) Ke koncepcii porovnavaci charakteristiky slovanskych jazykи v oblast «tvoreni

slov» [The concept of comparing the characteristics of Slavic linguistics in the area of «word formation»] Slovo a

slovesnost (24), 175 (in Slov.).

Benvenist, E. (1955) Indoevropeiskoe imennoe slovoobrazovanie [Indo-European nominal word formation]

Translated from French by Andreev, N. D. The publishing house Foreign literature. Moscow, 225 (in Russ.).

Rusanivskiy, V. M. (1971) Structura ukrainskogo diyeslova [The structure of the Ukrainian verb].

Kyiv : Naukova dumka, 195 (in Ukr.).

Kubryakova, E. S. (1972) Slovoobrazovaniye. Obshchee yazykoznaniye. Vnutrennyaya struktura

yazyka [Word formation. General linguistics. The internal structure of the language]. Moskva : Nauka, 405 (in


Tymchenko, Ye. (2002) Materialy do slovnyka pysemnoyi ta knyzhnoyi ukrayinskoyi movy XV–

XVIII st.: u 2-h knygah [Materials to the dictionary of the written and book Ukrainian language XV–

XVIII centuries: in 2 books]. Kyiv – New York, 512 (in Ukr.).

Full Text: PDF (Українська)


  • There are currently no refbacks.

2015 20
2016 21
2017 22-23
2018 24-25
2019 26  



Journal Content