Ольга Донік


The article is devoted to the analysis for semantic syntactical sphere of comparative conjunctions in multi range plane. The urgency of paper expresses the insufficiency of theoretical developments in the sphere of abovementioned linguistic problem. The problem to distinguish the comparative expressions and subordinate parts in complex subordinated comparative sentences remains to be disputable. The purpose of proposed study is the complex research on functional stylistic potential for comparative conjunctions in multi range plane. The implementation of the purpose, being set, anticipates solving the following tasks: to clear up the essence of syncretism in linguistics; to describe the semantic syntactical kinds of comparative conjunctions; to describe the functional stylistic potential for comparative conjunctions in multi range plane. Results. It grounds the reasonability in distinguishing three kinds of comparative conjunctive means: conjunctions of similarity, identity and contrastive-comparative conjunctions. It clears up the laws of semantic syntactical function of conjunctions from different kinds in multi range plane. It clears up that all kinds of comparative conjunctions are used to establish the synthetic comparatives: conjunctions of similarity, which mark the likeness or propinquity of compared situations, conjunctions of identity, which express the absolute identity and contrastive-comparative conjunctions, which are not the exponents for complete or partial assimilation of situations and only with features of quantitative and qualitative preference, whether the one is compared over the other, with what or with whom is compared. Originality of the study is that it first analyzes the use of conjunctions in multi range plane. Conclusion. The problem, being raised, is urgent and emphasizes the perspective for further scientific searches in applied aspect. We also see the perspective for further scientific searches in study on specificity of stylistic function of comparative conjunctions.


comparative conjunctions; conjunctions of similarity; conjunctions of identity; contrastive-comparative conjunctions; semantic synthetic ratio; comparative expression; subordinate comparative part; syncretism; multi range plane.


Bulakhovsʹkyy, L. A. (1997). Vybrani pratsi [Selected Works]. 2. Kyiv : Naukova dumka, 596 (in Ukr.).

Vykhovanetsʹ I. R. (2000). Porivnyalʹnyy zvorot [Comparative Construction]. Ukrayinsʹka mova.

Entsyklopediya. Kyiv : Ukrayinsʹka entsyklopediya, 467–468 (in Ukr.).

Horodensʹka, K. H. (2007). Hramatychnyy slovnyk ukrayinsʹkoyi movy [Grammar Dictionary of the

Ukrainian Language]. Kherson : Vydavnytstvo KNU, 340 (in Ukr.).

Horodensʹka, K. H. (2010). Spoluchnyky ukrayinsʹkoyi literaturnoyi movy [Connections of the Ukrainian

Literary Language]. Kyiv : Instytut ukrayinsʹkoyi movy; Vydavnychyy dim Dmytra Buraho, 208 (in Ukr.).

Zharkova, U. A. (2004). Syntaksys sravnenyya. Lohyko-lynhvystycheskyy podkhod [Syntax of

comparison. Logic-linguistic approach]. PhD dissertation. Permʹ : Kursyv, 233 (in Russ.).

Zahnitko, A. P. (2007). Teoriya suchasnoho syntaksysu [The theory of modern syntax]. Donetsʹk, 294 (in


Matsʹko, L. I. (2000). Porivnyannya [Comparison] Ukrayinsʹka mova. Entsyklopediya. Kyiv : Ukrayinsʹka

entsyklopediya, 469–470 (in Ukr.).

Mʹyasnyankina, L. (2003). Porivnyannya v systemi obraznykh zasobiv movy [Comparison in the system of

figurative means of language]. Lʹviv : Vyd-vo Lʹviv. un-ty, 80–85 (in Ukr.).

Nazaryan, A. G. (1998). Ustojchivye sravneniya francuzskogo yazyka s primerami, perevodom i

ekvivalentami v russkom yazyke [Reliable comparisons of the French language with examples, translations and

equivalents in Russian]. Moscow : Izd-vo Ros. un-ta druzhby narodov, 334 (in Russ.).

Prokopchuk, L. V. (2000). Katehoriya porivnyannya ta yiyi vyrazhennya v strukturi prostoho rechennya

[Category of comparison and its expression in the structure of a simple sentence: author's abstract]. PhD

dissertation. Vinnytsya : Nova knyha, 14 (in Ukr.).

Selivanova, O. (2006). Suchasna linhvistyka: terminolohichna entsyklopediya [Modern linguistics:

terminology Encyclopedia]. Poltava : Dovkillya-K, 716 (in Ukr.).

Slovnyk ukrayinsʹkoyi movy (1978). 9. Kyiv : Naukova dumka, 917 (in Ukr.).

Shenʹko, Y. V. (1977). Sintaktiko-smyslovye raznovidnosti predmetno-logicheskih sravnenij [Syntacticsemantic varieties of subject-logical comparisons]. Language and style of English literary text. Lenyngrad :

Nauchnaya kniga, 152–161 (in Russ.).

Shytyk, L. V. (1998). Metodyka opozytsiynoho analizu porivnyalʹnykh konstruktsiy [Method of

Oppositional Analysis of Comparative Structures]. Bulletin of Cherkasy University. Series: Psychological and

pedagogical sciences (8). Cherkasy, 145–147 (in Ukr.).

Shytyk, L. V. (2003). Synkretychni porivnyalʹni konstruktsiyi v ukrayinsʹkiy movi [Synctical

comparative constructions in the Ukrainian language]. Bulletin of Cherkasy University. Series: Psylology (46).

Cherkasy, 63–68 (in Ukr.).

Shytyk, L. V. (2007). Synkretychni porivnyalʹni konstruktsiyi: funktsionalʹnyy status ta strukturnosemantychni osoblyvosti [Syncretic comparative constructions: functional status and structural-semantic

peculiarities]. Pavel Gnatovich Zhiteckyj and modern Ukrainian linguistics. Cherkasy, 138–143 (in Ukr.).

Shytyk, L. V. (2014). Synkhronna perekhidnist syntaksychnykh odynyts v ukrainskii literaturnii movi

[Synchronous Transition of Syntactic Units in the Ukrainian Literary Language]. Cherkasy : vydavets Chabanenko

Yu. A., 474 (in Ukr.).

Full Text: PDF (Українська)


  • There are currently no refbacks.

2015 20
2016 21
2017 22-23
2018 24-25
2019 26  



Journal Content